Mostly of Cromwellian origin, this occupational surname is on record
in both Dublin and Cork in the 16th century.
a rare surname now mostly evolved into Sinclair.
Resident in Co. Tipperary since the 13th century. Also found in
Co. Wexford and two members of this family were bishops of Ferns
in the 1200s.
Norman in origin and found in Ireland since the 14th century. Some
branches became absorbed into the local culture, especially in Co.
Kilkenny where the name evolved into Sallenger. Sir Anthony St.
Leger was sworn in as Lord Deputy of Ireland in 1540. Sir William
St. Leger was Lord President of Munster until his death in 1642.
In the west it is a translation of Ó Bradain . Bradden is
a Donegal form of the name. Sammon is the spelling used in Co. Clare.
Salmon is also an English surname, established in Cos. Kilkenny
and Laois in the 16th century.
Originally an English surname found in both Leinster and Munster
from the early 1300s. Found in Limerick after the Cromwellian upheaval.
Settled in Dublin and Cork in the 12th century. The famous Patrick
Sarsfield, Earl of Lucan who was killed at the Battle of Landen
in July 1693 was a member of the Dublin branch.
A rare surname of Norman origin found mainly in Cos. Tipperary and
The family settled in the Ards peninsula in 1177, but later became
hibernicized and fought against English occupation. Sage is occasionally
synonymous with Savage. See north Louth and Down.
Originally a south Munster name now changed to Savage.
An English surnames with a long association with Co. Kerry. Also
found in the north east counties of Ulster. Peig the autobiography
of Peig Sayers as dictated to her son and Maire Ní Chinnéide
was published in Irish in 1936 and was on the Irish language syllabus
for secondary schools for many years.
Derived from scaith geal meaning bright flower. Found
in east Galway and occasionally in Co. Mayo.
A one time numerous in Co. Wexford. Though distinct form Scullin
the latter name has evolved into the former in Co. Fermanagh. Derived
from word meaning kernel. No connection with Scallantown
in Co. Meath, which is really Ballyscanlon.
Possibly of similar derivation as Scully, which is student.
Originated in Cos. Roscommon and Westmeath where it is mainly found.
Once numerous in Louth and commemorated in the townland Ballymacscanlan.
Rarely used with the prefix.
Same derivation as Scannell. There are eight placenames in Ireland
incorporating the name Scanlan. Originated in Cos. Cork, Galway
The word means contention not scandal. Originated
in the north west and became Scanlan in Co. Sligo.
Originally an English surname but found in Kerry since the 16th
Found mainly in Ulster and Dublin it is one of the most common English
names in Ireland.
A Co. Derry surname. Sometimes spelt Scullin, Scullane, Skoolin.
In some instances changed to Scully. Rare outside of northern counties.
See Scally. Originated in Co. Westmeath but moved further south
and after the Norman invasion and is found in most central counties
of Leinster and in Tipperary. Derived from the Irish word for student.
A Westmeath surname , which according to one source, is derived
from a Norse first name and not from the Irish word saor meaning
Mainly found in Dublin and prominent in the Pale since the 1300s.
Found in Ulster since the mid-1600s. In Scotland it is derived from
simple while in England it owes its origins to the French
St. Pol. Semple Stadium, Thurles is one of the best known GAA venues
in the country and commemorates Tom Semple who captained Tipperary
to the All-Ireland Hurling titles in 1906 and 1908 and later served
as a GAA official.
Of English origin, an occupational name now found in Armagh and
Formerly called Seaward, this English family settled in Co. Cork
in the mid-1600s.
An English surnames which appears in some medieval records as de
Sewell. Sometimes it is the anglicized version of O Súilligh
A surname that has strong links with Limerick. Rarely of English
origin in Ireland.
Many families of this name arrived from England in the mid-1600s.
Has its origins in France in a place called St. Maur. In some instances
it may be derived from Seamer in Yorkshire.
A well known Quaker name. The Shackleton school at Ballitore, Co.
Kildare founded by Abraham Shackleton and opened on March 1, 1726
was famous in the 18th century. The best known family member is
probably the explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922).
As MacGeoffrey it was listed as one of the major surnames in Co.
Longford in the 17th century. Now found mainly in Cos. Donegal and
Derry. The Irish form Mac Seafraidh is also used for Jefferson and
Originated in Co. Cork and derived from the Irish meaning having
possessions. Shally and Shallow are two of ten variations
of the name, with Shalloo being the form found in Co. Clare. It
some cases it has been substituted by the English name Shelley.
A Co. Clare surname numerous across Munster whose root is sean meaning
old. In some places contracted to Shannon.
Originated in Co. Tyrone. The Irish translation is the same as for
Johnson. In Louth and in Ulster they were a branch of the ONeills.
In Westmeath the Shanes are connected to the OFarrells.
A Co. Leitrim surname from the Irish sean laoch meaning old
Originally from Co. Tyrone and found all over Ulster as well as
Co. Louth. Derived from the Irish searcach, which translates as
An English surname which has adopted as the anglicised from of Ó
Géaráin. The Irish word géar means sharp. See
Derived from the Irish searrach meaning foal. A Co. Leitrim surname
and still found there and in surrounding counties. In Co. Roscommon
Mac Searraigh (son of the foal) became Foley. Sometimes
synonymous with MacSherry.
Originated in Co. Galway and said to be descended from Daithi the
last pagan king of Ireland.
Most families arrived in Ireland during the Plantation of Ulster
where the surname is mainly found. The writer George Bernard Shaw
was part of a Dublin family descended from a soldier in the army
of William III of England.
The main branch of the family originated in Co. Kerry where the
name is widespread. Derived from the Irish for hawklike
suggesting stately. Also found in Co. Tipperary and
as Shee was the only Gaelic-Irish family among the Tribes
Originated in Co. Clare as a branch of the MacNamara family and
derived from the Irish for silk, suggesting silken or soft-spoken.
In Irish it is Mac Síoda while Silke translates as Ó
Originated in south Limerick and spread southwards into Cos. Cork
and Kerry where they are numerous. Sometimes spelt Sheahen. Though
its Irish translation Ó Siocháin suggests it is derived
from the Irish word for peace this is not accepted by some scholars.
Originally a Scottish gallowglass family from the McDonald clan
that settled in Munster. The name is derived from the Irish word
for eerie. See Kerry
Originated in Co. Tyrone and evolved into Shannon in Co. Monaghan.
Originated in the Cos. Donegal and Fermanagh and migrated further
south as far as Co. Laois.
Rarely found outside Ulster. Dominic Sheldon, a member of the prominent
English Catholic and royalist family came to Ireland as a colonel
in the army of James II of England who was defeated at the Battle
of the Boyne in 1690.
An English surname first recorded in Cos. Dublin and Kildare as
le Shepherd in the 13th century. Later a family of the same name
settled in Ulster.
Originated in Cavan and Longford and common today in those counties
and also in Meath. A noted literary and theatrical family. Richard
Brinsley Sheridan author of A School for Scandal died
aged 65 in 1816. The humorist John D. Sheridan died in May 1980
A prominent Anglo-Irish family who settled in parts of the east
after the Norman invasion. The name means raven-haired
though some suggest fair-haired. Scurlockstown or Scurlogstown
in Cos. Meath and Westmeath indicates places where they settled.
English in origin and associated with Derry since the 1600s.
Has roots in Monaghan, Armagh and Cork. Derived from the Irish word
for foal. The name MacSherry, meaning son of Geoffrey
was adopted by the Hodnett family in Co. Cork and gives rise to
the placename Courtmacsherry. Sometimes synonymous with MacSharry.
Two origins of this surname, an English family name found in Dublin
and Ulster and a variant of the rare Co. Roscommon name Sharvin
or Sharvan, derived from the Irish searbh meaning bitter.
Found in all four provinces. English in origin and here since the
According to MacLysaght, the family with Offaly origins appears
to be extinct. The rest appear to be descended from Mayo and Donegal
Originated in Co. Donegal, a family of hereditary physicians. The
famous Irish actor Barry Fitzgerald (died Jan. 4 1961 aged 71) was
born William Joseph Shields. Popular in Cavan.
A Munster surname found mainly in Cos. Cork and Kerry and possibly
derived from the Old-Irish word for a small hawk. See also Roscommon
A Co. Cork surname and rarely found outside the county. Possibly
derived from the Irish word sionnach meaning fox.
Found in north Tipperary and Limerick it is an Anglo-Norman name
and similar to Skinner.
Possibly of English origin and found in west Cork since the early
1700s. Its derivation suggests working with sheep.
A Connacht surname of uncertain origin, possibly a variant of Shevlin.
An English surname found in Dublin and Ulster. Also an anglicisation
of the old Co. Armagh surname MacGirr, derived from gearr the Irish
The family settled in south Leinster in the 13th century and quickly
Originally a Palatine name in Co. Limerick now found mainly in east
a variant of Shevlin.
In Ireland since the 16th century this Norse surname is mainly found
in Kerry. George Sigerson , a native of Strabane Co. Tyrone (d.
1925 aged 89) was author of Bards of the Gael and Gall and History
of the Land Tenures and Land Classes of Ireland. In 1911 the UCD
based Professor presented the trophy which bears his name for an
inter-varsity Gaelic Football competition.
Another Anglo Saxon family who arrived in the 13th century and became
completely hibernicized. They settled mainly in Wexford.
An English surname used in east Galway for Sheedy. Síoda
being the Irish word for silk.
Found in Co. Antrim since the early 1600s, it also has close links
with Co. Donegal.
Of both English and Scottish origin and found mainly in Ulster since
the 17th century.
A Scottish surname found mainly in Ulster.
See St. John.
On record in Cos. Louth and Monaghan in the late 1300s, families
of this name were granted estates in the area after the Battle of
This family have been prominent in Co. Wexford since the 13th century,
the name is derived from the Old-English words meaning victory-bold.
Of uncertain origin, though one school of thought suggests that
it is derived from the medieval surname Seix which was found in
Cos. Kilkenny and Kildare. Sisk has been associated with east Cork
for over two centuries.
An English surname associated with Ireland since the arrival of
Sir William Skeffington as King Henry VIIIs special commissioner
in 1529 and who was later appointed Lord Deputy. In 1908 Frances
Sheehy-Skeffington founded the Irish Womens Franchise League.
Francis Sheehy-Skeffington, journalist and pacifist, was murdered
in custody by a British Army Officer during the 1916 Rising.
possibly derived from the Irish word for briar originated in Cos.
Louth and Monaghan where it has been anglicised as Thornton. Also
common in north Tipperary.
A variant of Scally found in Cos. Louth, Westmeath and Monaghan.
An English surname on record in Dublin since the early 15th century
and late established in Co. Laois. The familys association
with the Jacobite cause led to their ruin after the Battle of the
Boyne. The name is found in Dublin and in the north-east.
One of the Tribes of Galway and prominent in that city
until the late 1600s. The name was previously Scared, which was
abbreviation of Huscared, a variant of Huscarle meaning house
The name means a Norse-Gael from the island of Skye,
a branch of the family settled in Co. Cork and has strong links
with the city since the mid-14th century. Ringaskiddy is a village
just south of the city.
Of English and Scottish origin, this occupational surname is of
Cromwellian origin. Found mainly in the east of the county.
Originated in east Clare and found throughout Munster. It is derived
from an Irish word meaning strong.
Originated in Co. Fermanagh, where the family had strong ecclesiastical
links. Probably derived from sliabh, the Irish word for mountain.
A name assumed by members of the Norman Fitzstephen family in Co.
Cork. Slyne is another variant.
An old east Ulster family name possibly derived from the Irish word
for crowd. In Cos. Mayo and Sligo it is known as Sloyan.
Many families of this name have their roots in England. Begg in
Co. Galway is a translation. It is also used as a translation for
Kielty and Quilty on the grounds that they are derived from the
Irish word caol meaning slender.
Found in Co. Cork and is a variant of Smithwick or Smithers.
In some cases (most Smyth) it is an English surname and in other
it is a translation of McGowan, which itself is derived from the
Irish word for a smith.
In Co. Cork the name is of Cromwellian origin, while those in the
Carlow-Kilkenny area were established earlier in the 1600s. Smithwicks,
Brewery was founded in Kilkenny in 1710.
Originated in Co. Monaghan and north Louth and is found in midland
Leinster counties. See Offaly.
Arrived in Co. Tyrone from Scotland in the early 1600s. Also spelt
Of uncertain derivation but originated near Swinford, Co. Mayo.
A Scottish surname found in Ulster and also in Co. Carlow.
Most families of this name settled in Ulster during the Plantation
Settled in Co. Sligo in the mid-1600s and later spread to Cavan
and parts of Meath.
From the Irish word meaning renowned, it is found mainly
in Co. Mayo and was previously anglicised as Solohan.
In Leinster these names are usually of English origin. In the west
it is an anglicisation of Somahan, which itself is derived from
the Irish word for a soft innocent person. In Ulster
it synonymous with McGovern, which is derived from the Irish word
Mainly found in Ulster where Sumeril is a variation. Also well known
in Co. Cork. Also synonymous with Somahan.
Derived from the Irish word for bright and found mainly
in Cos. Monaghan, Leitrim and Cavan.
A branch of the Scottish clan McDonald that settled in Co. Donegal.
The name is derived from a Norse first name. The name was also adopted
by members of the Cameron and Lamont clans. It is found in Cos.
Tyrone and Antrim.
Sometimes spelt Southern, it is a rare surname which was recorded
frequently in Meath and neighbouring counties in the early 1300s.
Derived from the Middle-English word speight, another word for woodpecker.
Found in Limerick and Clare since the mid-1600s.
A surname given to someone who returned from Spain..
MacSporran in its original Scottish spelling and means son
of the purse and found mainly in Cos. Derry and Antrim.
The Irish version Ó Fuada is derived from the word fuadach
which means plundering, which sometimes became Speed
and Swift in translation.
Arrived in Ulster in the 18th century and has two sources; spearman,
one who uses a spear or spier meaning watchman.
Originated in Co. Sligo, this Connacht surname translates as ” SpealŠin
in Irish, which is also the Irish for Spillane. See Galway.
Common in Cos. Antrim and Down and is a branch of the Scottish MacDuff
An English surname sometimes spelt Spencer and occasionally an anglicised
form of Mac Spealáin, MacSpillane.
Similar derivation (speal the Irish word for scythe)
but distinct from (O) Spillane. Spollan and Spollin are variations
found in the midlands.
Originated in Co. Tipperary but moved to the south-west Munster
and common in Cork and Kerry.
variations on Spillane. Found in Offaly.
English in origin and prominent in Kerry since their arrival in
the 1500s. Dick Spring is a former Tanáiste (Deputy Prime
Minister) and leader of the Irish Labour Party who was also an Irish
Rugby international. His late father Dan Spring was a TD (member
of the Dáil, the Irish Parliament) and captained Kerry to
the All-Ireland Gaelic Football title in 1940.
A variation of Eustace found in Cos. Wexford and Wicklow.
An English family who settled in Kerry in the 12th century and became
assimilated into their surroundings.
Welsh in origin and on record in the Pale since the 13th century
and by the 15th had strong links with Co. Clare. Its Irish form
Galldubh means black foreigner and is sometimes used for Stapleton.
Originated in Stafford, England, this powerful Anglo-Norman settled
in Wexford. The surname is also found in Wicklow, Cavan, Meath and
A well-known English name on record in Ireland since the 1200s.
Found mainly in Cos. Louth and Meath.
A Hiberno-Norman family that settled in Cos. Tipperary and Kilkenny
some of which adopted the name Mac an Ghaill (son of the foreigner)
which became anglicised Gall and Gaule.
Found mainly in Dublin in Ireland since the 1300s. Derived from
an Old-English word meaning stiff.
A Cromwellian family that settled in north Tipperary. Also found
One of the earliest English families to settle in Ireland and branch
settled in Co. Mayo where the name is still prominent as well as
in other areas of Connacht.
A Co. Down surname derived from the surname OMustey.
An English surname also spelt Steel and found mainly in Ulster.
Both English and Scottish in origin and found mainly in Ulster.
A variant of Stevenson associated with Sligo and other parts of
Three distinct origins, Norman and later planter English as well
as Irish, where it translated as Mac Giolla Stiofáin , a
son of the follower of Stephen. Found mainly Dublin and Mayo.
A family of Elizabethan planters who settled in Co. Limerick and
became hibernicized. The architect Sam Stephenson designed the Central
Bank building in Dublin which was constructed in the early 1970s.
Found mainly in Ulster and has Stephenson, Steenson and Stinson
as variants. Occasionally synonymous with the Norman Fitzstephen.
Most families of this name are of Scottish in origin and located
in Ulster. It is one of the most common non-native surnames in the
Found in Ireland since the 1300s. The United Irishman Whitley Stokes
died in April 1845 aged 82 while William Stokes was one of the founders
of the Irish Archaeological Society in 1840 and later published
Life and Labours in Art and Archaeology of George Petrie.
An English name sometimes synonymous with Clogherty and Mulclohy
which are derived from the Irish word cloch meaning stone.
A rare surname which originated in Yorkshire and a branch of the
family were part of the landed gentry in north Tipperary.
Originated in Co. Limerick but moved to Connacht as part of the
Cromwellian upheaval. Still found in Limerick and Galway.
Several families with this name settled in Co. Tyrone in the 1600s.
The name is Old-Norse in origin.
A Donegal name derived from the Irish for stream. Strain is the
version associated with Co. Down.
A Co. Tyrone surname also found in surrounding counties.
An English surname which arrived in the 17th century and found mainly
Rarely found outside Co. Kerry and derived from a Norse first name.
A name associated with the midlands and south Ulster that has in
the main evolved into Sullivan. Derived from the Irish meaning quick-eyed.
One of the most common surnames in Ireland and particularly so in
Munster. Originated in Co. Tipperary the family were forced into
the south-west by the Norman invasion. The first part of the name
is derived from the Irish word súil meaning eye, but there
is no certainty as to the origins of the second part of the name.
Associated with Cos. Limerick and Cork. Evolved from the surname
de la Chappelle which arrived with Strongbow in 1172.
On record in Cos. Kildare and Wexford since the 1300s.
Found mainly in Antrim and other Ulster counties. MacLysaght claims
it is not synonymous with Swayne which in its English incarnation
is derived from the Norse word swein meaning servant.
English in origin and introduced into west Cork in the 1600s.
On record in Leinster since the late 1300s and in some cases claimed
as synonymous with Sweeney. Derived from the Old-Norse swein servant.
Derived from an Irish word meaning pleasant and originated
in Co. Donegal in the 1300s and a century later a branch moved to
Associated with Co. Kilkenny, a Norman family that settled there
in the 12th century.
Has its roots in Swettenham, England and sometimes a variant of
On record in Ireland since the Middle Ages but the most famous family
arrived from England in the early 1600s. Jonathan Swift, author
of Gullivers Travels was installed as Dean of St. Patricks
Cathedral, Dublin in 1713 and died in 1745. See Speed.
Found mainly in Co. Tyrone and there is some suggestion that it
a Scottish name of Norse derivation with Irish roots.
Palatine in origin. There is a famous department store with this
name in Grafton St. Dublin.
Originally associated with natives of the north County Dublin village
of the same name. More recently synonymous with Clavin because of
the latters similarity with the Irish claidheamh meaning sword.
An abbreviation of Fitzsimons
Norman in origin and associated with north Cork since the 13th century
and formerly spelt Shynan.
An English surname, pronounced sing, arrived in Ireland
in the 1600s. Edward Synge, Church of Ireland Archbishop of Tuam
(d. 1741) was the son and nephew of bishops and had two sons who
were later bishops. John Millington Synge, dramatist and poet, author
of The Playboy of Western World died in March 1909 aged 37.
variant spelling of Sinnott.